This research area focuses on energy and environmental problems in both natural and engineered systems, as well as in interactions between the two.
Atmospheric flows and boundary layer turbulence are investigated through large eddy simulations, reduced order modeling, and direct numerical simulations of the underlying physics for applications ranging from flow through canopies and engineered systems such as large wind farms and urban centers. Modeling and analysis of energy produced by renewable sources along with their integration into the electric power grid and power grid optimization is also an active area of investigation.
Laboratory and field experiments are performed to study a variety of ocean phenomena such oil-mixing and dispersion, bubble dynamics, and stratified flows. Experiments are complemented with large-scale GPU-based simulations. Heat transfer and heat transfer enhancement techniques are studied experimentally using imaging techniques, and computationally using high-fidelity simulation tools.
Applications include energy processes and equipment involving single-phase and phase change phenomena. Laboratory investigations of performance, flow instability and cavitation in turbomachines focus on applications to naval, aviation, and automotive systems. Energy conservation issues and life cycle analysis in applications such as refrigeration systems are additional areas of research.
Associated Research Centers and Institutes