Department of Mechanical Engineering 2019 Spring Seminar Series: Class 530.804

February 7, 2019 @ 3:00 pm – 4:00 pm
26 Mudd Hall

Critical Ruga Structures for Molecular Self-Assembly and Adhesion/Friction Control in Soft Materials

Presented by Professor Kyung-Suk Kim
Director of the Center for Advanced Materials Research, Professor of Engineering
Brown University

Morphologies and electronic states of solid surfaces are often used to control guided self-assembly of molecules as well as adhesion and friction in bio and nanotechnology. Here, we first present nanomechanical analysis of peculiar crinkle-ruga formation in multilayer graphene. The ‘crinkle’ is one of subcritical ruga structures, and a quantum-flexoelectric crinkle in graphene was discovered recently [1-3]. The quantum-flexoelectric crinkle in graphene localizes electric surface line-charge within 0.86 nm width along crinkle valleys and ridges. Controlling the charge localization, the crinkle is used as a molecular manipulator. The graphene crinkles attract and align bio-molecules, or nano-particles. Herein, we present detailed mechanisms of critical crinkle formation in graphene, which is revealed by quantum/continuum hybrid analysis. Then, presented are verifications of the crinkle formation and associated self-assembly of molecules with an AFM atomic lattice interferometry [4]. In addition, also presented will be how multi-scale ruga structures control adhesion and friction in soft-material structures.

[1] M. Kothari, M. H. Cha and K.-S. Kim, “Critical curvature localization in graphene. I. Quantum- flexoelectricity effect,” Proceedings of the Royal Society A. doi: 10.1098/rspa.2018.0054, 2018.

[2] M. Kothari, M. H. Cha, V. Lafevre and K.-S. Kim, “Critical curvature localization in graphene. II. Nonlocal flexoelectricity-dielectricity coupling, Proceedings of the Royal Society A. doi: 10.1098/rspa.2018-0671, 2018.

[3] R. Li, M. Kothari, A. Landauer, M. Cha, H. Kwon, & K.-S. Kim, “A New Subcritical Nanostructure of Graphene—Crinkle-Ruga Structure and Its Novel Properties,” MRS Advances, 1-7. doi:10.1557/adv.2018.432, 2018.

[4] B. K. Jang, J. Kim, H. J. Lee, K .-S. Kim, C. Wang, “Device and method for measuring distribution of atomic resolution deformation,” United States Patent, Patent Number 9,003,561: issued on April 7, 2015.

Kyung-Suk Kim has 38 years of experience as an engineering scientist and is currently Professor of Engineering at Brown University.  He received his Ph.D. (1980) in Solid Mechanics from Brown University. He taught at TAM Department, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign for 9 years until he joined Brown as Professor of Engineering in 1989. He served as a board member (2012-2015) and the Representative of the Society of Engineering Science (SES) to U.S. National Committee for Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (2016-2018). His research interests are in scale-bridging mechanics, and nano and micromechanics of solids. Through his research on dynamic properties of solids, adhesion and friction, ruga mechanics of soft materials and stability of nanostructures, he has invented numerous new scientific instruments, including various interferometers, and analytical methods. He has advised more than 40 Ph.D. students and postdocs. His work has been recognized through various awards including the Melville Medal (1981), JEP best paper award (1999), the Drucker Medal from ASME (2016), the John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship (1996), the Ho-Am Prize in Engineering (2005), the Kwan-Ak Distinguished Alumni Award of Seoul National University (2012), and the Engineering Science Medal from the Society of Engineering Science (2012). His research on “New Math for Designer Wrinkles” was selected as one (# 30) of the Top 100 Science Stories, in Discover (2015). He will deliver the William, M. Murray Lecture of the Society of Experimental Mechanics in 2019.

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